Pride male said:Is Anna Karenina a must read?
In 1931, he published Man and Technics, which warned against the dangers of technology and industrialism to culture. He especially pointed to the tendency of Western technology to spread to hostile "Colored races" which would then use the weapons against the West. It was poorly received because of its anti-industrialism. This book contains the well-known Spengler quote "Optimism is cowardice".
Spengler described the process by which Enlightenment rationalism undermines and destroys itself, passing from unlimited optimism to unqualified skepticism. The Cartesian self-centered rationalism leads to schools of thought that do not cognize outside of their own constructed worlds, ignoring actual every-day life experience. It applies criticism to its own artificial world until it exhausts itself in meaninglessness. In reaction to the educated elites, the masses give rise to the Second Religiousness, which manifests as deeply suspicious of academia and science.
The Second Religiousness appears as a harbinger of the decline of mature Civilization into an ahistorical state. The Second Religiousness occurs concurrently with Caesarism, the final political constitution of Late Civilization. Caesarism is the rise of an authoritarian ruler, a new 'emperor' akin to Caesar or Augustus, taking the reins in reaction to a decline in creativity, ideology and energy after a culture has reached its high point and become a civilization. Both the Second Religiousness and Caesarism demonstrate the lack of youthful strength or creativity that the Early Culture once possessed. The Second Religiousness is simply a rehashing of the original religious trend of the Culture.
Pride male said:Is Grand Chessboard Brezhinski a must read?
Piankhi said:Just got my hands on Brave New World. Is it a must read?
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon
Gibbon noted five things that presaged the collapse of the Roman Empire:
1) Ostentatious displays of wealth.
2) A preoccupation with sex and perversions of sex.
3) Freakishness in the arts and outlandish enthusiasms pretending to be creativity.
4) A huge disparity between the most wealthy citizens and the poor.
5) An increased desire to live off the state.