911 said:^ The square, enclosed courtyard patio with the fountain is typically Spanish/Moorish, part of the cultural heritage in California.
In Japan you have gardens with Japanese maple trees and koi ponds that are alongside the house, as opposed to tiled open courtyard patios which are better suited to mediterranean climates.
One-plus-five, also known as five-over-one, or a podium building, is a type of multi-family residential building commonly found in urban areas of North America. The mid-rise buildings are normally constructed with four or five wood frame stories above a concrete podium (usually housing retail or resident amenity space). The one-plus-five style of buildings exploded in popularity in the 2010s, following a 2009 revision to the International Building Code which allowed up to five stories of wood-framed construction.
In short: this style of construction allows to build up to five floors entirely out of wood, which is much cheaper than other materials. To make up for the commonplace layout, the architects attempt to experiment with "unique" facade designs.